What is a Geopark?

que es 1 1 410x550 - What is a Geopark? - Geoparque de Granada
UNESCO Global Geopark

Space of international geological significance

A UNESCO Global Geopark is a space of international geological significance.

UNESCO defined a Geopark in 1999 as a territory of special geological significance and of great archaeological, ecological and cultural value.

They are part of a global network which encourages sharing best conservation practice and integration into sustainable development strategies.

They emerged in Europe in the early 1990s and today we have 195 Geoparks in 48 countries

Principles of a Geopark

Principles of a Geopark

The creation of a Geopark starts with the involvement of local communities and must include a development project based on a tourism promotion programme.

The declaration of a Geopark is based on three principles:

1. Presence of a geological heritage that acts as a central focus and guiding thread.
2. Implementation of geoconservation and dissemination initiatives.
3. Promotion of socioeconomic and cultural development at the local level.

The  European Geoparks Network consists of 98 Geoparks in 28 European countries (May 2023).

Moreover, in 2015 UNESCO ratified the creation of a new label, UNESCO Global Geoparks, for the 120 Geoparks that had been organized up till then under the international Global Geoparks Network.

Find out more about UNESCO Global Geoparks.



195 UNESCO Global Geoparks in 48 countries

98 UNESCO Global Geoparks in Europe

16 Global Geoparks in Spain (the country with the 2nd-highest number of Global Geoparks in Europe)

41 Global Geoparks in China

4 Cross-Border Global Geoparks

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